Triamterene (trade name Dyrenium) is a potassium-sparing diuretic used in combination with thiazide diuretics for the treatment of hypertension and edema.
The reference site for Triamterene
WHAT IS TRIAMTERENE?
Triamterene is in a class of drugs called potassium-sparing diuretics (water pills).
This medication is used to treat edema (fluid retention or excess fluid held in body tissues) caused by various conditions, including liver and heart disease. It causes the kidneys to eliminate unneeded water and sodium from the body into the urine, but reduces the loss of potassium.
Brand Name(s): Dyrenium; Dyazide; Maxzide
CAS nº: 396-01-0
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The sections below will provide you with more specific information and guidelines related to triamterene and its correct use. Please read them carefully.
Triamterene has received FDA approval.
Why is this medication prescribed?
Triamterene is in a class of drugs called potassium-sparing diuretics (water pills). This medication is used to treat edema (fluid retention and excess fluid held in body tissues) caused by various conditions, including liver and heart disease. It causes the kidneys to eliminate unneeded water and sodium from the body into the urine, but reduces the loss of potassium.
This medication can sometimes be prescribed for other uses, but it is strongly recommended that you ask your doctor or pharmacist for more information.
Other uses for this medicine
Triamterene is also used in combination with other diuretics to treat high blood pressure, as is the case when it is used with thiazide, for example.
However, it is important that you talk to your doctor first about the possible risks of using this drug for your particular condition.
Dosage and using this medicine
Triamterene dosage should be adjusted according to the needs of the patient. When used alone, the usual starting dose is 100 mg.
This medication comes as an oral tablet, usually taken once a day in the morning with breakfast, or twice a day with breakfast and lunch. Follow the directions on your prescription label carefully, and ask your doctor or pharmacist to explain any part you do not understand. Do not take more or less of it or take it more often than prescribed by your doctor.
Please note that triamterene controls high blood pressure but does not cure it. Continue to take triamterene even if you feel well. Do not stop taking triamterene without first talking to your doctor.
What special precautions should I follow?
BEFORE TAKING TRIAMTERENE:
Tell your doctor and pharmacist if you are allergic to triamterene or any other medications (such as Dyazide® or Maxzide®).
Do not take triamterene if you are taking amiloride (Midamor®), spironolactone (Aldactone®), or other medications containing triamterene.
Moreover, you should inform your doctor and pharmacist what prescription and non-prescription medications, vitamins, nutritional supplements, and herbal products you are taking or plan to take. Be sure to mention angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors such as benazepril (Lotensin®), captopril (Capoten®), enalapril (Vasotec®), fosinopril (Monopril®), lisinopril (Prinivil®, Zestril®), moexipril (Univasc®), perindopril, (Aceon®), quinapril (Accupril®), ramipril (Altace®), and trandolapril (Mavik®); lithium (Eskalith®, Lithobid®); nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medications (NSAIDS) such as ibuprofen (Advil®, Motrin®) and naproxen (Aleve®, Naprosyn®); medications for diabetes, or high blood pressure; other diuretics; and potassium supplements. Your doctor may need to change the doses of your medications or monitor you carefully for side effects.
Tell your doctor if you have or have ever had diabetes, gout, kidney stones, heart, kidney, or liver disease.
If you become pregnant while taking triamterene, please call your doctor. Also, you should not breastfeed if you are taking triamterene.
Additionally, if you are having surgery, including dental surgery, tell the doctor or dentist that you are taking triamterene.
Plan to avoid unnecessary or prolonged exposure to sunlight and to wear protective clothing, sunglasses, and sunscreen. Triamterene may make your skin sensitive to sunlight.
What should I do if I forget a dose?
Take the missed triamterene dose as soon as you remember it. However, if it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and continue your regular dosage programme.
It is strongly advised that you do not take a double dose of this medication to make up for a missed one.
What side effects can this medication cause?
Possible side effects from using triamterene may include:
- udecreased appetite
- headache or dizziness
- dry mouth
- muscle cramps
- lowering of the voice
- excessive hair growth
- enlarged breasts
Tell your doctor if any of these symptoms are severe or do not go away:
- upset stomach
Additionally, if you experience any of the following symptoms, call your doctor immediately:
- muscle weakness or cramps
- difficulty breathing or swallowing
- slow or irregular heartbeat
- sore throat
- severe dry mouth
- unusual bruising or bleeding
Side effects other than those listed here may also occur. Talk to your doctor about any side effect that seems unusual or that is especially bothersome.
What storage conditions are needed for this medicine?
Always try to keep this medication in the container it came in, tightly closed, and out of reach of children. Store it at room temperature and away from excess heat and moisture (not in the bathroom).
Please remember to throw away any medication that is outdated or no longer needed, and do not hesitate to talk with your pharmacist about the proper disposal of your medication.
In case of an emergency/overdose
In the case of a suspected overdose, call your local poison control center on 1-800-222-1222. However, if the victim has collapsed or is not breathing, please call the local emergency services immediately on 911.
Symptoms of a triamterene overdose may include:
- upset stomach
- weakness or tiredness
PICTURES OF TRIAMTERENE PILLS
Below you will find images and specific information on the principal types of triamterene that exist, including their respective brand name(s), strength, inscription codes and manufacturers.
The information below includes general information and guidelines for patients taking this medication and should never be used to substitute professional medical advice that can be provided by a qualified physician or family doctor.
Strength(s): 100 MG
Imprint: DYRENIUM 100mg WPC 003
Manufacturer: WELLSPRING PHARM.